World still ‘on the brink of climate catastrophe’ after Cop27 deal | cop 27

The world still stands “on the brink of climate catastrophe” after that The agreement reached at the COP27 UN climate summit Climate experts and activists warned that major economies must make new commitments on Sunday to cut greenhouse gas emissions.

The agreement reached in Sharm El-Sheikh early Sunday morning, after a marathon final negotiation session Ran 40 hours after the deadlinefor first providing poor countries with financial aid known as loss and damage. a The fund will be created by wealthy governments To rescue and rebuild vulnerable regions hit by climate catastrophe, a major demand of developing countries during the past 30 years of climate talks.

But the outcome was widely judged a failure in efforts to cut carbon dioxide, after oil-producing and high-emitting countries undercut and scrapped major commitments on greenhouse gases and a phase-out of fossil fuels.

“The world remains on the brink of climate catastrophe,” said Mary Robinson, chair of the Elders Group of former world leaders, former president of Ireland and two-time UN climate envoy. [cutting emissions] It was very slow. We are on the cusp of a clean energy world, but only if the G20 leaders live up to their responsibilities, keep their word and strengthen their will. The burden is on them.”

“Our planet is still in the emergency room,” warned António Guterres, the UN Secretary-General. “We need to cut emissions dramatically now – and that’s the problem with this Cop.” not touched. The world still needs a giant leap in climate ambition.”

Lawrence Tubiana, one of the architects of the 2015 Paris climate agreement and now chief executive of the European Climate Foundation, said oil-producing countries had thwarted attempts to advance the agreement. “The impact of the fossil fuel industry is found across the board,” she said. This conditionality has weakened the requirements around countries making new and more ambitious commitments [on cutting emissions]. Text [of the deal] No mention of phasing out fossil fuels, and scant reference to a 1.5°C target.”

It blamed the host country, Egypt, for allowing its regional alliances to influence the final decision, a claim the hosts vehemently denied. Next year’s Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP) will be held in Dubai, hosted by the United Arab Emirates, one of the world’s largest oil exporters.

Tubiana warned that the Egyptian presidency had issued a text that clearly protects oil and gas from petroleum countries and fossil fuel industries. This trend cannot continue in the UAE next year.”

In the talksNearly 200 countries agreed that a Loss and Damage Fund, which would pay to rescue and rebuild the physical and social infrastructure of countries devastated by extreme weather events, should be established within the next year.

However, there is still no agreement on how much money should be paid, by whom, and on what basis. The EU’s main goal in the talks was to ensure that countries classified as developing in 1992 when the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change was signed – and thus not give any commitments to work on emissions or provide money to help others – Potential donors are considered. These could include China, Saudi Arabia, other Gulf states, and Russia.

Under the final agreement, such countries can contribute on a voluntary basis.

John Kerry, the US special presidential climate envoy, who tested positive for Covid Friday night and spent the rest of the summit in self-isolation at his hotel, kept China in his sights in a statement after the conference concluded.

Reducing emissions in a timely manner is about math, not ideology. This is why all nations have a stake in the choices China makes in this critical decade. China is the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases, as well as the world’s second largest economy, second only to the United States in cumulative historical emissions since the Industrial Revolution.

“The The United States and China must be able to accelerate progress togetherNot only for us, but for future generations. We all hope that China will fulfill its global responsibility.”

“It is time for the United States to work with developing countries to put pressure on China, or climate protection will become impossible,” said Paul Bledsoe, a former Clinton White House climate adviser now with the Progressive Policy Institute in Washington, D.C. “China should be a climate pariah, On the side of Russia.

Several key commitments backed by the UK, which hosted last year’s COP26 climate summit in Glasgow, were dropped from the final deal, at the behest of Saudi Arabia and other oil states, although the Guardian is aware that China, Russia and Brazil also played in. role in weakening some aspects.

This included the target of peaking global emissions by 2025, in line with the target of limiting temperature rises to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, a safety threshold that was the focus of the Glasgow Climate Pact signed last year at COP26.

Although the final text included a commitment to limit warming to 1.5°C, the language was considered weak and no progress was made on the Cop26 result a year earlier.

Alok Sharma, UK Cop26 chief, who had been sacked by Rishi Sunak as minister, was visibly angry at the conclusion of the conference. “Those of us who came to Egypt to keep 1.5C alive, respecting what every one of us in Glasgow agreed to, had to fight relentlessly to keep the lead. We had to fight to build on one of the key achievements in Glasgow, which was to invite the parties to be revised and strengthened [national plans on emissions]. “

In Glasgow, a last-minute commitment by China and India to a coal phase-out was relaxed, a last-minute experiment that brought Sharma to the brink of tears. in cop 27joined efforts to include the phase-out of all fossil fuels in the text, but was reduced in the final stages to a simple reiteration of Glasgow’s commitment to phasing out coal.

Sharma’s record of weak or missing commitments made him light on the table: “We joined many parties to propose a number of actions that would have contributed to this. Emissions peak before 2025, as science tells us is necessary. Not in this Text A clear follow-up to the phase-out of coal Not in this text Commitment to phase out all fossil fuels Not in this text Text Energy has weakened in recent minutes [to endorse “low-emissions energy”, which can be interpreted as a reference to gas]. “

In the end, the responsibility will lie with everyone, points out Meena Raman of the Third World Network, Adviser to Developing Countries. “As the EU and Alok Sharma are disappointed that the phase-out of fossil fuels is not included in the text, we would like them to take the lead and review their NDCs.” [nationally determined contributions] Develop plans to rapidly phase out fossil fuels and stop the expansion of fossil fuels, including oil and gas. [It’s] Not enough to play the fair but act if they really want to save the planet and not hide behind a 2050 net-zero target, which will destroy the remaining carbon budget of 1.5C.”

Sharma concluded: “I said in Glasgow that the pulse at 1.5C was weak. Unfortunately, he is still on life support.”

Leave a Comment