The minimum pressure record in Nova Scotia is 950.5 millibars, while the Fiona model is designed to smash the Canadian Maritimes at around 930 to 935 millibars. The lowest pressure recorded in all of Canada is 940 millibars.
Before Fiona left her mark in Canada’s record book, here are three of the most devastating storms that made landfall.
Hurricane JuanIts passage through Atlantic Canada was unique for several reasons. The storm reached Canada as a Category 2 hurricane, and maintained its tropical characteristics even as it crossed through Nova Scotia and passed over Prince Edward Island.
Tropical cyclones are fed by warm ocean waters, while tropical cyclones get their energy from atmospheric temperatures such as fronts.
Fiona, like most Atlantic hurricanes affecting Canada, is expected to lose its tropical characteristics. Juan didn’t—it hit Canada with sustained winds of 100mph, near peak intensity, with a minimum pressure of 969 millibars.
Juan moved through the area quickly but left a trail of destruction, causing $200 million in damage. Eight people were killed by the storm, and Halifax Stanfield International Airport recorded a peak gust of 143 km/h (88 mph), a record there.
Juan was the first storm name that Met Canada recommended discontinuing use due to its destruction, a request approved by the World Meteorological Organization. The only other name the Canadian Meteorological Service asked for his retirement was the powerful hurricane that hit Newfoundland in 2010, Igor…
Hurricane Igor It is widely considered the most destructive hurricane to hit Newfoundland. Igor, who was born from a tropical wave off the coast of Africa, has strengthened into a powerful Category 4 storm with winds of up to 155 mph.
By the time the storm reached the eastern tip of Newfoundland, it had weakened to a powerful Category 1 storm. However, the storm’s rise to high latitudes helped expand its size dramatically, becoming the second-largest Atlantic hurricane on record, with gale force winds extending 920 miles from the storm’s center, a record only surpassed by Sandy.
Igor actually intensified as it approached Newfoundland, gaining strong forward energy as it began to turn into an extratropical cyclone. However, the storm made landfall as a tropical system with winds of up to 85 miles per hour.
The storm killed four people, including two in Canada. Unlike Joan, who dumped very little rain in Canada, Igor flooded parts of Newfoundland with nearly 9.5 inches of rain, washing away bridges, roads and even homes. Nearly $200 million in damages have been reported.
Neither of these storms was the most powerful to make landfall in Atlantic Canada. That dubious honor goes to a storm that hit Nova Scotia all the way back in 1968, Jenny.
Hurricane Ginny had the highest sustained winds of any storm affecting the Canadian Maritimes.
Jenny, which made rings in the southeastern United States as a Category 1 hurricane before accelerating northeast and turning into a Category 2 storm, struck Nova Scotia with maximum sustained winds of about 110 miles per hour — right on the cusp of major hurricane status.
Jenny was also unfamiliar with the fact that the storm had dropped a large amount of snow. When it made landfall on October 29, temperatures were cold enough in parts of Canada and the United States to produce snow. according to local reportsnearly four feet of snow fell in parts of Maine, with up to a foot of snow fell in parts of New Brunswick.
The storm caused damages of up to 300,000 dollars in the United States and Three people were killed, including two who went missing at the start of the blizzard season. In Canada, blackouts were widespread, and strong winds brought down trees and power lines.
These are just three of the many notable storms affecting eastern Canada, which have a long history of powerful storms.
In 1954, the remnants of Hurricane Hazel killed 81 people, according to the Canadian Hurricane Center.
The most powerful storm ever to pass through Canadian waters was Hurricane Ella in 1978, which was a Category 4 with sustained winds of over 130 mph.