CD price trends, week of October 17: highest rates are mostly flat

CD term Last week’s highest national price This week’s National Highest Price they change
3 months 3.00% APY 3.00% APY No change
6 months 3.58% APY 3.58% APY No change
One year 4.00% APY 4.00% APY No change
18 months 4.00% APY 4.00% APY No change
Two years 4.11% APY 4.25% APY + 0.14%
3 years 4.22% APY 4.22% APY No change
4 years 4.32% APY 4.32% APY No change
5 years 4.42% APY 4.42% APY No change

The Federal Reserve’s September hike in the federal funds rate was its fifth increase this year, and its third in a row by 0.75%, a historically significant increase for the Fed. As a result, CD rates have risen significantly since March, and are likely to rise further through 2023.

Rates have not only gone up since the end of last year, they have doubled, with many of this week’s CD revenue up three or four times what the top certifications were paying at the start of 2021. Take 3-year CDs, for example. The highest rate on a nationally available 3-year CD was 1.11% in late December. Today, the highest-paying 36-month certificate has a rate of 4.22%.

Note that the “higher rates” listed here are the highest nationwide available rates that Investopedia has identified in its daily rate lookup on hundreds of banks and credit unions. This is very different from the national average, which includes all banks that offer a CD with this term, including many large banks that pay very little interest. Thus, national rates are always very low, while higher rates that you can discover by shopping are often 10 to 15 times higher.

Federal Reserve and CD Prices

Every six to eight weeks, the Federal Reserve’s rate-setting committee holds a two-day meeting. One of the primary outcomes of the eight gatherings throughout the year is the Federal Reserve’s announcement of whether they are moving Federal funds rate up, down, or unchanged.

The federal funds rate does not directly determine what banks will pay customers for stock deposits. Instead, the federal funds rate is simply the rate banks pay each other when they borrow or lend their excess reserves to each other overnight. However, when the federal funds rate is above zero, it provides an incentive for banks to look to consumers as a potential source of cheaper deposits, which they then try to attract by increasing savings, the money market, and CD rates.

At the beginning of the pandemic, the Fed announced Reduce the emergency rate to 0% as a way to help the economy stave off financial disaster. For two whole years, the federal funds rate remained at that zero level.

But in March 2022, the Fed started a 0.25% increase and indicated it would be the first of many. By the May 2022 meeting, the Fed had already announced a second increase of 0.50% this time. But both increases were just a prelude to three larger 0.75 percentage point increases the Fed announced in mid-June, late July and most recently on September 21.

The Fed’s next periodic scheduled interest rate will be announced on November 2.

What is the expected trend for CD prices?

The Fed’s five rate hikes this year are still just the beginning. Raise the means to . rates fight inflationWith US inflation still exceptionally high, the Fed is publicly planning to implement additional interest rate increases through 2022 and potentially 2023.

While the Fed rate does not affect long-term debt like mortgage rates, it does directly affect the trend of short-term consumer debt and deposit rates. So with more spikes likely to happen, one can be reasonable Expect CD rates to go up even more This year and next year.

This does not mean that you should avoid locking a CD now. But it does make it worth considering short-term certifications so that you can take advantage of the higher rates that become available in the not-too-distant future. Or consider “raise your price” or “progressive” CDs, which allow you to activate a single rate increase on your existing CD if prices go up significantly.

Disclosure of pricing methodology

Every business day, Investopedia tracks price data for more than 200 banks and credit unions that deliver CDs to customers across the country and identifies daily ratings of the highest-earning certificates in each major term. To qualify for our listings, the institution must be federally insured (FDIC for banks, NCUA for credit unions), and the minimum initial CD deposit must not exceed $25,000.

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