A nine-step guide to designing and building IoT solutions

An increasing number of companies are turning to the Internet of Things (IoT) to improve the way they operate. Experts from Metyis show you how to get started.

The Internet of Things is a concept that describes physical objects (or groups of objects) embedded with sensors, processing power, software, and other technologies that connect and exchange data over the Internet.

The concept allows physical objects to communicate with the digital world, creating a network of data insights that can lead to improvements and advances in multiple areas. Today’s Internet of Things is already widely found in homes, vehicles, medical fields, factories, etc – but as the technology matures, the number of use cases is increasing day by day.

How Meytis helps design and build IoT solutions

However, building the Internet of Things is easier said than done. Building on the pioneering work of Metyis in the IoT space, experts from the consultancy outline a nine-step journey that guides the successful development and deployment of IoT solutions:

1. Define requirements
Each IoT network is unique in its specifications, and requires the manufacture of custom technology, called embedded systems, which are a combination of computer hardware and software. The key is to ensure that the definition of requirements is framed, and that both commercial and technical capabilities are brought together to address the achievement of the desired end state using the system solution.

2. Template designs
The first step is to create designs for the whiteboard blocks that make up the architecture of the device, visualizing the different components and how they will work together.

3. Firmware development and prototype assembly
The team then develops the firmware that will run inside the device, determining its behavior and communication protocol. Firmware development is an ongoing process; Although all panels are fully functional ready, certain functions are added at different stages depending on the needs of the project.

4. Plot model
During the prototyping stage, the focus is on developing an industrial product. This prototype demonstrates the possibilities of connecting sensors to the Internet.

5. Layout designs
Diagrams provide a more detailed view of all system components and how they are connected. It also includes the flow of data and the definition of which signals are assigned. The schematic can also contain a list of revisions that indicate modifications to the original design.

6. Printed circuit board design stage
Progressing to the printed circuit board design stage, schematic designs are translated into physical connections by taking pre-existing chips and converting them into electronic boards, mounting and distributing components on the board, and determining their sizes. The samples are then made with manufacturing in mind.

7. Production of printed circuit boards
At this point, the production of the printed circuit board begins. The printed circuit board is the bed that will receive all the components; They are assembled and customized, making them ready to undergo industrial piloting.

8. Functional tests
The system then goes through rigorous stages of testing, debugging and validation to ensure the efficiency and safety of the device. Trust is of paramount importance to any IoT solution, which can be vulnerable to information attacks.

9. Industrial pilot
The pilot checks whether what is being produced is capable of being manufactured, whether the Internet of Things will work in the required environment, and whether the device can be mass-produced.

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